#### roadrunner

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Why do you use the formula Sbase = Sq root 3 Vbase Ibase

I just used the S=VI formula and got it wrong. Tad confused

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- Thread starter roadrunner
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Why do you use the formula Sbase = Sq root 3 Vbase Ibase

I just used the S=VI formula and got it wrong. Tad confused

S=VI* is valid for single-phase devices.

S=sqrt3VI* is the power equation for three-phase devices.

S=sqrt3VI* is the power equation for three-phase devices.

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Thanks Flyer! Hope you know how important to this forum you are, your help is GREATLY appreciated

Typically, 3-phase voltage values are given as line-to-line voltages and 3-phase current values are given as line currents. If you are given 3-phase voltage/current/power values and they don't specify whether it's line-to-line or line-to-neutral values, you need to assume that:Why is this not S=3*Vp*Ip... instead we used S=3*VL*IL

- the voltages given are line-to-line voltage values
- the currents given are line current values
- the power values given (W, VA, or VAR) are 3-phase power values

I also attached a brief derivation of the apparent 3-phase power formula. Please note that this is

Why do you use the formula Sbase = Sq root 3 Vbase Ibase

I just used the S=VI formula and got it wrong. Tad confused

These are two different formulas. The first calculates the apparent power for a three-phase system or machine, and the second calculates the apparent power for a single-phase system or machine, or the per-phase power of a three-phase system or machine.

These two formulas are very commonly misused. If you'd like to dig further with more examples of how these can be used both correctly AND incorrectly, take a look at the following article:

Avoid These Three Phase Power Formula Mistakes! (Electrical PE Review)

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